Customer interviews can help you learn a lot about how and why people use your products and where they may fall short. They provide an excellent avenue for product feedback, enabling you to dig into the root of customer challenges, uncover new opportunities, and better understand the “why” behind customer needs and behavior. But, getting customers to open up takes some skill. Luckily, with the right set of open-ended customer interview questions, you can get to the heart of understanding customers’ user cases and pain points in no time.
How To Hear The Voice Of The Customer: 8 Open-Ended Questions That Deliver
First, what exactly is an open-ended question anyway?
Open-ended questions are an interviewer’s best friend. They encourage the interviewee to respond with more context than a simple “yes” or “no” and often lead to more thoughtful customer feedback responses. They typically start with “who,” “what,” “where,” “when,” “why,” or “how,” and provide the opportunity for existing customers to decide what and how much to reveal.
You will almost always learn more with open-ended questions. When you use this style of question, you invite someone to explore and share what’s important to them. Furthermore, the use of open-ended questions goes a long way to building rapport with those being interviewed, as they feel their perspective and answers are respected. (Building rapport is one of several customer interview techniques that can help you get better insight from interviews.)
8 Open-Ended Questions for Customer Interviews
1. What do you think of this product?
This question is a great way to kick off a candid interview and sets you up to capture a customer’s thoughts verbatim. This is a great way to validate your value propositions, and may even help you discover new ones.
2. How can we improve this product?
When asked this way, customers are encouraged to focus on the parts of the product that are currently falling short for them, and discouraged from focusing only on the things they like.
3. If you were in charge of this product what would you change?
You’ll find that customers often share bigger picture concepts with you when responding to this question, which can help you understand how customers view their long-term needs with respect to your product.
4. Now that you have this product, what’s the #1 thing you’re able to do that you weren’t before?
This question makes a great ice-breaker if you’re finding the customer is slow to open up (for more ideas on questions like this, check out Claire Suellentrop’s Jobs to Be Done workshop and customer interview template).
5. How would you feel if you could no longer use this product?
Getting interviewees to open up on an emotional level and share how your product (or its absence) makes them feel can deepen the customer conversation.
Great follow-up questions to this one include:
- What type of people do you believe can benefit most from this product?
- What is the main benefit you receive from this product?
- How can we improve this product for you?
6. What should we stop doing?
You may find that customers try to take the easy way out by not suggesting any product behaviors to stop, so be prepared to rephrase the question.
A good follow-up like this one can help:
- What annoys you about this product?
7. Why, or Why not?
Throughout your customer interview, be prepared to dig deeper into a customer responses—asking “Why?” or “Why not?” will surface the details your product team needs to understand any underlying issues.
8. What other solutions have you considered?
While you may hear some competitors’ products mentioned in response to this question, you may be pleasantly surprised to learn how resourceful your customers are when it comes to problem-solving.
You can dig in a layer deeper on this question by asking follow-up questions such as:
- If they have tried another solution: How recently?
- If they have not tried another solution: Why not?
Quick tip: When conducting your customer interviews using open-ended questions like the ones above, be careful to avoid “Happy Ears.” Don’t assume a customer wants a feature when actually they may not be comfortable telling you “No” directly. To get the best product feedback from your interviews, plan your questions ahead of time, and don’t be afraid to go “off script” to collect deeper insights from your customers.
Keep these eight open-ended questions in mind so you can make the most of customer interviews. The meaty responses that these answers solicit provide fantastic context for what is and is not working with your product, helping you improve your product, and better solve customer problems.